While the expanded transparency framework is universal, as is the global inventory to be held every five years, the framework aims to provide “integrated flexibility” to distinguish between the capacities of developed and developing countries. In this context, the Paris Agreement includes provisions to improve the capacity building framework.  The agreement recognises the different circumstances of some countries and notes in particular that the technical expert review for each country takes into account that country`s specific reporting capacity.  The agreement also develops an initiative to enhance transparency to help developing countries put in place the institutions and processes necessary to comply with the transparency framework.  The Paris Agreement is an agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on the reduction, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions and signed in 2016. The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 196 States Parties at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC at Le Bourget, near Paris, France, and adopted by consensus on 12 December 2015.   Until February 2020, the 196 members of the UNFCCC signed the agreement and 189 became parties to the agreement.  Of the seven countries that are not parties to the law, the only major emitters are Iran and Turkey. Although the agreement was welcomed by many people, including French President François Hollande and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, criticism also emerged. For example, James Hansen, a former NASA scientist and climate change expert, expressed anger that most of the deal is made up of “promises” or goals and not firm commitments.  He called the Paris talks a fraud without “no deeds, only promises” and believes that only an interterritorial tax on CO2 emissions, which is not part of the Paris Agreement, would reduce CO2 emissions fast enough to avoid the worst effects of global warming.  5. The Secretary-General shall immediately inform all signatory and acceding States of the date of each signature, the date of deposit of any instrument of ratification or accession to this Convention, the date of its entry into force and other notices.
The implementation of the agreement by all Member States is assessed every five years and the first evaluation will take place in 2023. The result will be used as a contribution to member States` new national contributions.  The inventory will not be one of the contributions/performance of each country, but of a collective analysis of what has been achieved and what remains to be done. . . .